Literary text: works of fiction (poetry, prose and plays) that most often include characters, plot, setting, conflict and theme. Literary texts can be totally fictional, or combine fact and fiction to tell a story (e.g., historical fiction). Entertainment is the primary purpose of literature, versus persuasion, description or information.
Informational text: also known as expository text, or nonfiction is written to inform the reader of the world (topics). Since the information is usually very specific, domain vocabulary, or vocabulary particular to the topic is taught/used. Text features are often employed to help the reader navigate the information. Text features might include a table of contents (TOC), subtitles, diagrams, captions, a glossary, a bibliography and more.
It should also be noted that informational text is a subset of nonfiction and does not include how-to books, or biographies.
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