Series: Antoinette Pippin: Integrating Art & Science

Encouraging Student Debate
Lesson Objective: Encourage students to share and respond to each other
All Grades / All Subjects / Participation

Thought starters

  1. How can this strategy be used with the Next Generation Science Standards?
  2. Why does Ms. Pippin avert her gaze when students are talking?
  3. How does Ms. Pippin facilitate discussions between her students?
7 Comments
It is very important for students to hear the teacher repeat or paraphrase what they said back to them. This will encourage them by making them see that the teacher is actually interested in what they are saying.
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It is important that teachers divert attention from themselves so they can engage the students in interacting w/each other so that inquiry is student centered, and the Socratic Seminar between students is enabled.
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Thanks for the video. There are some great YouTube videos on debate in the middle school classroom.
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I like the video and the concept of using academic language as well as descriptive language what a powerful skill to use for EL's thanks for the video.
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Ms. Pippin indicates students need to learn how to engage in debate with each other, not only with the teacher. She encourages and teaches the students look at each other when discussing issues rather than looking at the teacher. She averts her eyes from the students as they speak to encourage them to steak to each other rather than to her. In her lesson, she speaks more in the beginning, but then transitions the students into more conversations with each other, encouraging them to indicate whether they agree or disagree with another student. Students must following this up with a reason. The process encourages students to respectfully ask classmates questions, and then students can respond confidently and respectfully even though they know others may not agree with the opinion. We must allow students to work through this process, teaching those who do not agree with the speaker to present opinions in an academically appropriate, respectful manner. The common core practices allow us to present our students with engaging activities to practice this valuable skill. Great video !
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Transcripts

  • Encouraging Student Debate Transcript

    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:00:00 Looking at this work of art, would you say that it is balanced or

    Encouraging Student Debate Transcript

    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:00:00 Looking at this work of art, would you say that it is balanced or imbalanced?
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:00:07 The next generation science standards require students to be able to engage in debate. And the debate is not with me. They’re not talking to me. In order to debate with each other, they need to listen to each other.
    GIRL IN BLUE
    00:00:19 I agree with Marianna because…
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:00:22 And so, how do you as a teacher get them to engage with each other?
    00:00:28 [TITLE: Encouraging Student Debate]
    [TITLE: A Classroom Strategy]
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:00:32 Getting students to listen and be accountable to each other can be a messy process. One of the first things you need to do is get the students looking at, and listening, and talking to each other.
    GIRL WITH PONYTAIL
    00:00:45 It’s imbalanced because it doesn’t show, like- it only shows, like, for me it only shows, like, n kind of animals.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:00:52 Naturally, students are going to want to talk to who’s ever looking at them. So, if you as the teacher avert your eyes or look away and take yourself out of the conversation, then they are going to talk to their peers.

    00:01:06 And so, if the other students are looking at them, they’re going to start talking to those people looking at them.
    00:01:12 [TITLE: CLASSROOM STRATEGY]
    [TITLE: Avert your gaze to encourage eye contact between students]
    GIRL IN BLUE
    00:01:13 But the reason why I think it’s imbalanced also because it has too much, like, animals.
    ANISA
    It doesn’t look balanced. The snake in the middle doesn’t match.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    So, you’re saying this snake in the middle makes it imbalanced?
    ANISA
    00:01:28 Yes.
    00:01:30 [TITLE: FURTHER VIEWING]
    [TITLE: Look in the guide for the complete lesson video]
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:01:30 So, if we open it up and I actually just saw somebody…
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:01:32 Initially, it’s a lot of repeating, recasting what students say until other students are actually listening to each other.
    00:01:41 [TITLE: CLASSROOM STRATEGY]
    [TITLE: Repeat students’ statements to stimulate debate]
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:01:41 There are some, but I think most of the snakes that I…
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:01:45 Early on in the conversation you might hear me more because I’m going to be recasting or restating what students are- are saying.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:01:52 Lisa’s saying this is imbalanced. The snake in the middle, in particular, makes it imbalanced to her. Does anyone want to add on or maybe give another point of view?
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:02:02 They tend to want the teacher to say, “Yes, that’s right,” or “No, that’s wrong.” But definitely do not say, “Right. Wrong.” You might restate or paraphrase what someone has said, but you do not agree or disagree with anyone.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN [sync]
    00:02:17 Does anyone think it is balanced?
    MARIANA
    00:02:19 I disagree with Anisa, Josue, and Elizabeth because the crayfish, they’re both on different sides. And the leaves are spreaded out everywhere.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:02:33 Once you establish that culture and cultivate that comfort, they debate with one another and question one another. And that takes some bravery and that takes some time and that takes some challenge for them to really engage with each other.
    ANISA
    00:02:46 Mariana, the question is why do you pick balanced?
    MARIANA
    00:02:53 Well, not all the components are on one side or the other. And if they’re all separated, it’s much more balanced.
    ANTOINETTE PIPPEN
    00:03:02 So, maybe it’s also cultivating a joy of arguing to explore concepts through debate and that that itself is something fun.
    00:03:16 ***FILE END***

School Details

Dr. Theo. T. Alexander Junior, Science Center
3737 South Figueroa Street
Los Angeles CA 90007
Population: 663

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Teachers

Antoinette Pippin

Newest

Tutorial

All Grades / All Subjects / Tch Tools

Lesson Idea

Grades 9-12, All Subjects, Class Culture

Lesson Idea

Grades 9-12, ELA, Class Culture

Teaching Practice

All Grades / All Students / Class Culture