Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a
topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
a. Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general
observation and focus, and group related
information logically; include formatting (e.g.,
headings), illustrations, and multimedia when
useful to aiding comprehension.
b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions,
concrete details, quotations, or other
information and examples related to the topic.
c. Link ideas within and across categories of
information using words, phrases, and clauses
(e.g., in contrast, especially).
d. Use precise language and domain-specific
vocabulary to inform about or explain the
e. Provide a concluding statement or section
related to the information or explanation
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacherled)
with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and
texts, building on others' ideas and expressing
their own clearly.
a. Come to discussions prepared, having read
or studied required material; explicitly draw
on that preparation and other information
known about the topic to explore ideas under
b. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and
carry out assigned roles.
c. Pose and respond to specific questions by
making comments that contribute to the
discussion and elaborate on the remarks of
d. Review the key ideas expressed and draw
conclusions in light of information and
knowledge gained from the discussions.