Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a
topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
a. Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general
observation and focus, and group related
information logically; include formatting (e.g.,
headings), illustrations, and multimedia when
useful to aiding comprehension.
b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions,
concrete details, quotations, or other
information and examples related to the topic.
c. Link ideas within and across categories of
information using words, phrases, and clauses
(e.g., in contrast, especially).
d. Use precise language and domain-specific
vocabulary to inform about or explain the
e. Provide a concluding statement or section
related to the information or explanation
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts
to support analysis, reflection, and research.
a. Apply grade 5 Reading standards to literature
(e.g., "Compare and contrast two or more
characters, settings, or events in a story or a
drama, drawing on specific details in the text
[e.g., how characters interact]").
b. Apply grade 5 Reading standards to
informational texts (e.g., "Explain how
an author uses reasons and evidence to
support particular points in a text, identifying
which reasons and evidence support which