Five Steps to Revision: Using Warm and Cool Feedback

Grades 9-12 / ELA / Writing
CCSS: ELA.SL.11-12.1a ELA.W.11-12.5

Common Core State Standards


English Language Arts


Speaking and Listening Standards 6-€“12


11th & 12th Grades


Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one on one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-€“12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others'€™ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

a. Come to discussions prepared, having read and researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence from texts and other research on the topic or issue to stimulate a thoughtful, well reasoned exchange of ideas.

b. Work with peers to promote civil, democratic discussions and decision making, set clear goals and deadlines, and establish individual roles as needed.

c. Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that probe reasoning and evidence; ensure a hearing for a full range of positions on a topic or issue; clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions; and promote divergent and creative perspectives.

d. Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives; synthesize comments, claims, and evidence made on all sides of an issue; resolve contradictions when possible; and determine what additional information or research is required to deepen the investigation or complete the task.

Download Common Core State Standards (PDF 1.7 MB)

Common Core State Standards


English Language Arts


Writing Standards 6-12


11th & 12th Grades


Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1-€“3 up to and including grades 11-12 on page 54.)

Download Common Core State Standards (PDF 1.7 MB)

           In Partnership with


10 minutes


Revise essays using peer feedback

Questions to Consider

  • What materials do students use? How do these materials help them give effective feedback?
  • Why is it helpful for students to communicate writing goals to their partners?
  • How do students use the six traits of writing?

Common Core Standards

ELA.SL.11-12.1a, ELA.W.11-12.5

Watch all the videos in this series: Collaborating Across Disciplines: Planning & Team Teaching.

Supporting Materials

  • Please sign in or sign up to download Supporting Materials
  • Five Steps to Revision: Warm & Cool Feedback Transcript

  • Lesson Plan.PDF

  • Blank Student Worksheet.PDF

  • Handouts: The Six Traits of Writing Rubric.PDF

  • Handouts: Peer Review with Warm and Cool Feedback.PDF

  • Student Work: Back.PDF

  • Student Work: Front.PDF

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